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Aug. 21 - 2017

One of the most interesting things about Antarctica, apart from the amazing landscapes, are the animals that inhabit this area. And of all the animals we might find, penguins seem to be peoples’ favorite.

Although penguins are birds, these excellent swimmers, can’t fly. But, don’t worry, evolution has turned them into professional divers, making this their most effective technique for getting food.

There are 17 species of penguins worldwide, but only 6 live in Antarctica.

Adelie Penguins

Adelie Penguins are considered true residents of Antarctica. During the winter they move inland, but during the summer they come back to the coastal waters. They feed mainly on krill and small fish

Chinstrap Penguins

Named after the black band under their chin, Chinstrap Penguins are the smallest, and most abundant penguins of Antarctica. They are carnivorous and live mainly on krill, squid, shrimp, and fish.

Emperor Penguins

The biggest of all the species, Emperor Penguins are also one of the largest birds. Their chick-rearing periods is one of the longest.

Gentoo Penguins

Closely related to Adelie Penguins and Chinstrap Penguins, Gentoo Penguins have a very unique characteristic: a big prominent tale. They live mainly on crustaceans and have the most long-lasting bonds between the male and the female, and during their breeding period, both parents work just as hard.

Macaroni Penguins

They are found from the Sub antarctic to the Antarctic Peninsula. They tend to be extremely colonial, nesting all together in cliff areas. They live mainly on krill. Because the male population is largest, females start breeding quite early at the age of 5.

King Penguins

Second to the Emperors in size, King Penguins are found in Sub antarctic Islands, far north of Antarctica. They live mainly on small fish and squid. They can start breeding at the age of 3, although usually, they start doing so at the age of 6. 

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